ከግብር ይግባኝ ሰሚ
011-1232649 ኢሜል firstname.lastname@example.org
On 13th and 15th December 2005 Protocol on technical
cooperation between the National Archives and Library of Ethiopia (NALE)
and the National Library of France and National Archives of France has
been signed respectively.
Ato Atkilt Assefa Director
General of the NALE signed the protocol with the two counterparts. The
protocol was signed in Paris while the Director General paid a work visit
to Paris in early December.
The protocol, among others
focuses on provision of training in the field of Archives and Library,
facilitating exchange of documents in any reproduction process, and promotion
of resources by exhibition and publication concerning mutual historic
The work visit had been very useful
especially to share the French experience, draw the attention of the
French professionals to find ways and means of improvising, the NALE and
to further strengthen the existing ties between the National Archives and
Libraries of the two sisterly countries.
October 1 - 14 2005
National Archives and Library of Ethiopia (NALE) in partnership with Hill
Museum & Manuscript Library of St. John's University digitize
135,000 frames of microfilm , which nearly 800 Ethiopian Manuscript and
Microfilm Library collection. This collection is accessible for
researchers, students and scholars those has a bona fides certificate from
respected organization or institutions.
delivered during the laying of Cornerstone for National Archives and
H.E President Girma W/Giorgis
H.E Ambassador Teshome Toga
H.E Atkilt Assefa
H.E President Girma W/Giorgis
On 7 December 2002 President Girma Wolde Giorgis lays
Cornerstone for National Archives and Library building. The speech derived
I am very much delighted to be present to attend the laying of the
foundation stone ceremony of the new National Archives and Library
Building of Ethiopia, which has special significance in Ethiopian history.
Presently, the government and the public are joining
hands to bring development & progress endeavor to full fruition and resolutely
strive to alleviate man-made and natural calamities.
To this end, the laying of infrastructure networks to
back-up an all-encompassing development & progress attempt shouldn't
be set-aside for tomorrow.
Thus, it is our firm belief that, by laying the
foundation stone to start the construction of an irreplaceable information
center, we are making efforts to bring the project to a fruitful
completion within the scheduled time.
Finally, I wish to express the government's readiness
to forward assistance to the realization of future development objectives
of future development objectives the Agency sets-up.
The speech delivered by H.E Ambassador Teshome Toga, on the ceremony,
Your Excellency president Girma W/Giorgis:
On behalf of the Ministry of Youth, Sports and Culture
and myself, I would like to express my sincere gratitude and heartfelt
thanks for your presence on the occasion of the laying of the foundation
stone of the new National Archives & Library building of Ethiopia a
Mutually beneficial Information center.
Since 21st century is signified as a
century of Information Technology, information plays a vital role in the
day to day affairs of human life. Thus, presently information is a name to
conjure with development.
Information is an irreplaceable knowledge a power to
unveil the hidden facts and/or news and know all there is to know about
Thus, awareness regarding the validity of information,
a raw material for development, has increased dramatically over the past
half a century.
Accrediting the leading role information plays in the
realization of development endeavor objectives, most of the countries in
the developed world have given due attention to the establishment of
purpose built Archives and Libraries on National basis. And so, they have
been extensively exploiting the preserved and tended records &
Giving due attention to the organization of information
storage and processing network proved its worthiness with high
technological advancement conceived, unfortunately, in only ten of the
world countries flourished to the extent of imposing their will power on
the developing world trailing for behind on the development track. This
proves the keynote statement. "Information is knowledge ; knowledge
is a power-house to development."
Noting the aforementioned keynote premise, the objectives Ethiopia set-up
to the establishment of an Archival center to preserve invaluable
historical records of an individual, a family, an organization, a place
and /or the nation at large being almost nil is a fact to be recalled
However, the state in power has resolutely designed an all-encompassing
development scheme in which Cultural Reformation issues stood to the fore.
With the proclamation to the establishment of the National Archives &
Library of Ethiopia, the government proved its concern to the proper
preservation, processing, and accessibility of information on national
Likewise, to widen the scope of this development
endeavor and incorporate the long forgotten nations, nationalities
&/or states under its umbrella, a lot is expected from professionals
and the public to hasten the government's strive to equip national
Archives and Library of Ethiopia with the high technologically
standardized facilities and purpose built building.
Thankfully we are on the verge of the most eagerly
awaited moment of big leap.
Presently, we are about to lay the foundation stone of
the new National Archives and Library Building of Ethiopia, which
hopefully, would prove its worthiness.
Finally, with the fruition of the new building as
scheduled we certainly could succeed in sowing the "Cult to read
seed" within the young.
Moreover, I've firm belief regarding this new building
which, hopefully, be a take-off ground to quench information thirst &
serve as a research center in its actual sense of the term on national
Ambassador Teshome Toga.
Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture.
The speech delivered by H.E Atkilt Aseffa, on the ceremony,
Your Excellency President Girma W/Giorgis
Honorable Ministers, Commissioners and Ambassadors:
Ladies & Gentlemen:
I am so grateful to cordially welcome you on the occasion of the laying of
the foundation stone of the new National Archives and Library Building of
Ethiopia. Thank you all for willfully accepting our invitation.
Blessed to be one of the few world countries celebrated for having
antiquities, & literary heritages, Ethiopia is the ONLY African
country to possess its own alphabets, antiquities, and parchment writings
produced during historical incidents dated centuries back.
Despite the various recurrent attempts made here-and-there to collect the
aforementioned literary heritages, the National Archives and Library of
Ethiopia was initially established as public library-womezekir in 1936EC.
The National Library had started to provide service
with the books His Imperial Majesty Hial Sellassie I donated and stocked
within the still functional age -old building built by the Italian
aggressors for clinical purpose.
Though not purpose built,
this organization proved to be the cornerstone for the establishment of
departments, and last, but not least, the Ministry of Culture itself.
In spite of its limited information
resources and overcrowded working units, most of the researchers &
intellectuals of various levels owed their success and gratefulness to the
service this organization had been providing for years.
organization had not been given due consideration. Thus, year-after-year
the number of information seekers and the standard of the service provided
As we all know, this
inattention & heedless disregard caste its spell on the invaluable
service the organization kept on providing.
As it's understandable,
National Archives And Libraries have been entrusted with duties and
responsibilities of top priority. Likewise, Information Resources preserved
& properly to be readily accessible whenever the need occurred
are invaluable treasures for they:
historical incidents emerged within a given era and locality, and
disclosed facts to
enlighten the long lost historical happenings to the young.
Thus, dignified with the
stock of priceless information resources and the services provided from
the National Archives & Libraries, made us rename them as INFORMATION
For books, archives, societal
affairs of centuries old, historical incidents and celebrated historians,
authors and creative art works are on the top list of the agenda while
establishing National Archives and Libraries with the standardized safety
precautions to the welfare of information resources, we should underscore
the need to trace and pin point the most serious threat to the literary
prerequisites with utmost caution, Ethiopian Government is taking measures
to alleviate the most serious threats caste over Information Resources. Of
the steps taken:
establishment of the
National Archives and Library of Ethiopia with proclamation, and
giving, a legal right
to reform the prevailing administrative structure and done away with
shortage of man power and deficiency of material supply to be realized
with the newly allocated increased budget are major ones but to
Likewise, stuffed far
beyond its accommodation capacity, the ONLY NALE turned out to be
destructive agent to the information resource stocked to be preserved and
Since building a new and
purpose built information resource Center is the only option left, the
government allocated the budget. The budget allocated for the construction
amount to 23,367,943.81 while for the purchase of necessary
equipment is of 4,628,295.75 total 27,896,239.60 Birr. The construction of
the new Building that has started on Sept.7/2002 is expected to be
completed within 730 days from its commencement.
Thinking of the relief
this would be constructed building has in store, joy and thrill
spring in us.
In general, even if it is
needless to say, as always, I firmly believe that the fruition of the new
building as scheduled is only possible with the assistance we, hopefully,
are to get from the government, the public, national and international
organizations. I'm certain to get more than our expectation.
Finally, I would like to
express how grateful I am with the civil servants who dedicated their time
and effort to the realization of the occasion. Similarly, without the
& Reservation Authority
Moha Soft Drinks Pvt.
Ethiopian Red Cross
Ambo Mineral Water
Harrar Beer Factory
occasion won't materialize, let alone be a success.
Next I'd like to
cordially call upon His Excellency Ambassador Teshome Toga, Minister of
Youth, Sports and Culture Ministry to make a keynote address concerning
Thank you for Your
With the rank of Deputy Commissioner
Director General of the NALE.
Mrs Rita Pankhurst
Your Excellency President
Girma Wolde Giorgis
Ecellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen
Today is a great day for Ethiopia. This day constitutes evidence of a deep
commitment to the preservation for the future of the country's written
records. its heritage and culture, However, my brief is not to envisage
the future, but to talk about the past. I have been asked to reminisce
about the National Library as it was, when I spent six happy years in its Public
Division after setting foot in Ethiopia 46 years ago, in November
1956 (Hedar 1949)-before some of you were bon.
I had the honor and
pleasure to work for distinguished heads. They included the venerable
Blatengueta Sahle Tsadalu, one-time Minister of Education; Ato Kebede
Mikael, the poet, then developing the Archeaological Section; and the
notable historian, Ato TAkla Tsadiq Mekuria. one day I entered his office
in a yellow overall. He looked at me, absorbed, as ever, in historical
matters, and said "that yellow was the colour of Ahmed Gragn's
Among fellow-employees of
the Library or Museum were the learned and witty Abba Jerome Gabra Muse,
with his flowing beard, Ato Gezaw Hayla Maryam, first Director of the
National Museum, and the artists Emailaf Herouy, the son of Alaqa Herouy,
the church painter, and Afawarq Takle. In Afawarq's studio upstairs,
during coffee breaks, I watched his masterpieces grow. The staff included
by devoted colleagues, Ato Jamanah & Ato Gabra Negus amd among our
readers, I appreciated Dajazmach Zawde Gabra Sellasse, He was one of the
few whom returnd borrowed books on time. One schoolboy now a professor,
used to help me on Saturdays by ringing up those whose books were overdue.
He devised a successful method of getting them back promptly. "It is
wanted at the palace". Another volunteer was Emmabet Hirut Dasta. Who
once hide in my office when her grandfather appeared unannounced. On
another occasion representatives from the palace strode in, demanding
books to ado the newly built Race Course Pavilion for its inauguration. We
put up stiff resistance and kept our books. The public Division
was in effect a lending library, with a stock of some 10,000 volumes of
which 6000 were in English and 500 in Amharic. The research Division was
presided over by the meticulous cataloguer, Hans Lockot, later to produce
two mighty bibliographies on Ethiopia: the first, of books in German and
the second, of those in Englis. Also in that Division was Kagnazmatch
Victor, of the well-known Russian Bablichev family.
The Manuscript Section of
the Library caused me continuous anxiety. The Wonderful manuscripts were
kept in a windowless cubicle with a huge thick metal door, made in Sweden.
The special lock had only one key, which the head of the section kept in
his pocket. My nightmare was that, one day he would lose it, but
fortunately he never did.
The budget was almost
entirely taken up by staff salaries, so that acquisitions had to rely
mainly on gifts. The most generous donors were the USA, The UK & the
In those days there was
no Law of Deposit, as there is now, at last nor was there then an
Institute of Ethiopian Studies Library, where another copy could be
deposited as a safety measure, should anything happen to the national
collections. We struggled with the printers to get them to obey a letter
from the ministry of the Pen ordering them to give three copies of every
book they printed to the National Library. Though the public Division did
not have many books, it had many readers some 60,000 annually.
There were no qualified Ethiopian
librarians at that time-indeed, in the late 1950s, if you had a university
degree you could expect a high position in Government. We therefore developed
evening courses in elementary library science. Among those who later
became professional librarians was Ato Germa Makonnen, now Librarian of
Addis Ababa University.
activities proved popula, public lectures, poetry reading film shows and
musical performances were held in the spacious Blatengueta Herouy Hall,
which was always filled to capacity. Among the lecturers were the Kenyan
trade Union leader, Tom Mboya, Ato Takla Tsadiq, Dr Wolf Leslau, the
popular author Manghestu Gadamu, and Ato Yilma Deressa who talked about
the then forthcoming Conference of Independent African States.
Plans for a new library
building date back to 1959. Much has changed since then, especially in the
development of informatics though the use of computers, as admirably
suited to facilitating study and research. In a purpose-built home both
the National Archives and Library, together with the planned new library
of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, will, I am sure, make huge strides
forward in collecting, preserving and making widely accessible the rich,
documented past and present of Ethiopia.
I have no doubt that, in
due course, the National Archives and Library will each achieve its own
building, administration, and separate identity, in keeping with their
diverse functions, as was proposed during the public Hearings preceding
the legislation establishing them under as single management.
Meanwhile, I hope that
another great day in history of the National Library and Archives will
soon arrive, when guests will have the honor of being the first to walk
into the great newly completed building.
Mrs. Rita Pankhurst
7 December 2002
June 7,2004 National Archives and Library of Ethiopia announced the
establishment of information desk for the public to enable them to
find materials about HIV/AIDS. The main objective of the sections to
provides current information on HIV/AIDS for the public.
May 4,2004 The National Archives and Library of Ethiopia celebrated
the anniversary of 60th year of its establishment.
April 15,2004 National Archives and Library of Ethiopia has organized
panel discussion on ISBN for more than 60 publishers, producers and
authors. The main objective of the panel discussion was to give
awareness to the participants on the use of ISBN and on how to deal
information please contact
Ato Solomon Mulugeta, Head, Legal Deposit and Copyright Registration
August 26, 2004 National Archives and Library of Ethiopia got
3.9million birr donation form Japan Government. The agreement was
signed by HE Dr. Mulu Ketsela, State Minister of Finance and Economic
Development and HE Mr Kenjiro Izumi, Japan Ambassador in Ethiopia.
During the signing ceremony Mr Kenjiro Izumi, was said that "This
project being signed for today is for Cultural Grant Aid to the
National Archives and Library of Ethiopia (NALE). The grant comprises
the supply of microfilm and digitizing equipment to assist the
library in its task of preserving the nation's literary
heritage. The grant amounts to forty-nine million nine hundred
thousand Yen (49, 900,000), which is approximately 454, 000 US
dollars. The National Archives and Library of Ethiopia was found
in 1945 and is the oldest library in the country. it started the
project of microfilming 15,000 manuscript books made of parchment
vellum; 12 of these manuscript were registered in UNESCO's World
Register as a heritage of humanity. However, there are still an
estimated 500,000 different manuscript dating back to the 4th century
deposited in churches and monasteries around the country that have not
yet been microfilmed. I hope this grant from the government of Japan
will enable the National Archives and Library of Ethiopia to continue
with its important work of documenting the nation's literary
November 1, 2004 NALE in partnership with World Bank
opened Development information services center (DISC). To establish
this section the World Bank donated 30,000 US dollar for purchase of
Seven computer, 2600 series Router, Initial fee for 256kpbs Leased
line connectivity, Photocopy machine, printer and four UPS. The main
functions of the center are:
1. Providing online information services for student,
researchers, and other communities
2. Providing World Bank information for the
3. Providing internet and email services for
4. Providing up-to-date information on HIV/AIDS
5. Overcoming the growing demands, information
researchers and development
work for public
Selling the Ethiopian Manuscript!
century old Ethiopian Manuscript item number 3752106625 page 328
written in black ink with wooden cover has been displayed for
electronic auctioning in My eBay web site. http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/
Manuscripts such as this are legally protected from illicit
trafficking out side the Country. It is not known how this bible was
exported out side Ethiopia. The Authority for Research and
Conservation of Cultural Heritage of Ethiopia believes that such a
manuscript was illegally exported to the U.S.A.
Our Authority opposes
the auction of the same antiquity and requests for its return to its
Country of Origin through the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
With Best Regards,
With rank of Deputy Commissioner
Director General National Archives and Library of Ethiopia
A Huge Seventeenth Century Ethiopian BIBLE, with 328 pages. The Bible is
hand written in black ink, with headings, keywords, and markings in
red, on vellum, with wooden covers, in the traditional Ethiopian
fashion. It is written in Ge`ez script, the liturgical language of
Ethiopia, in three columns. The manuscript is hand sewn as usual, 10.5
inches in width, 13 inches in height, and 2.75 inches in thickness.
This is the largest Ethiopian Bible we have ever seen. It has nine
very exquisite and elaborate full-page illustrations and numerous
rubrications. The wooden covers are partially covered with morocco;
spine is also covered with morocco. A few leaves are smudged, minor
wrinkling, minor damp staining, mainly marginal, leather with some
tears at the spine, otherwise in a very good condition. Needless to
say, here, that this manuscript is not the usual pocket size that one
sees in the market. The present manuscript is, in comparison with
available other ones, a huge one, with very beautiful art work of,
perhaps, the highest quality. It weighs almost 8.5 pounds. Undated,
but most likely from the seventeenth century. (Code:EthMs08] More
pictures can be supplied on request. Buyer pays domestic shipping and
handling charges of $6.00 and may return any item for any reason
within one week of receipt, if not satisfied. International shipping
costs will depend on the buyer's preference. Insurance on all
shipments is an additional charge and depends on the amount of