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ሪከርድ ማዕከል የሪከርድ ማዛወር ሰራውን ጀመረ

በብሔራዊ ቤተመዛግብትና ቤተመጻሕፍት ኤጀንሲ የሪከርድ ማስተባበሪያ ቡድን ሪከርዶችን ከመንግስታዊ መ/ቤቶች መረከብ ጀመረ።እስከአሁን ከብሔራዊ ባንከ፤ ከግብር ይግባኝ ሰሚ ጉባኤ ከፌደራል ሲቪል ሰርቪስ ኤጀንሲ መ/ቤቶች በርካታ መዛግብትን በመረከብ ለአገልግሎት ለማቅረብ በዝግጅት ላይ ይገኛል።

ለበለጠ መረጃ የሪከርድ ማዕከል ማስተባበሪያ ቡድን አስተባባሪ የሆኑትን አቶ ናስር ኑሩ ያነጋግሩ።   

 ስ.ቁ 011-1232649 ኢሜል  nale@ethionet.et

Protocol Agreement 

 On 13th and 15th December 2005 Protocol on technical cooperation between the National Archives and Library of Ethiopia (NALE) and the National Library of France and National Archives of France has been signed respectively.

Ato Atkilt Assefa Director General of the NALE signed the protocol with the two counterparts. The protocol was signed in Paris while the Director General paid a work visit to Paris in early December.

The protocol, among others focuses on provision of training in the field of Archives and Library, facilitating exchange of documents in any reproduction process, and promotion of resources by exhibition and publication concerning mutual historic relationships.

The work visit had been very useful especially to share the French experience, draw the attention of the French professionals to find ways and means of improvising, the NALE and to further strengthen the existing ties between the National Archives and Libraries of the two sisterly countries.

In October 1 - 14 2005  National Archives and Library of Ethiopia (NALE) in partnership with Hill Museum & Manuscript Library of  St. John's University digitize 135,000 frames of microfilm , which nearly 800 Ethiopian Manuscript and Microfilm Library collection. This collection is accessible for researchers, students and scholars those has a bona fides certificate from respected organization or institutions.

The Speech delivered during the laying of Cornerstone for National Archives and Library building.

by H.E President Girma W/Giorgis

by H.E Ambassador Teshome Toga

by H.E Atkilt Assefa

Mrs Rita Pankhurst

H.E President Girma W/Giorgis
On 7 December 2002 President Girma Wolde Giorgis  lays Cornerstone for National Archives and Library building. The speech derived by H.E, 

Honorable Guests
I am very much delighted to be present to attend the laying of the foundation stone ceremony of the new National Archives and Library Building of Ethiopia, which has special significance in Ethiopian history.

Presently, the government and the public are joining hands to bring development & progress endeavor to full fruition and resolutely strive to alleviate man-made and natural calamities.

To this end, the laying of infrastructure networks to back-up an all-encompassing development & progress attempt shouldn't be set-aside for tomorrow.

Thus, it is our firm belief that, by laying the foundation stone to start the construction of an irreplaceable information center, we are making efforts to bring the project to a fruitful completion within the scheduled time.

Finally, I wish to express the government's readiness to forward assistance to the realization of future development objectives of future development objectives the Agency sets-up.


The speech delivered by H.E Ambassador Teshome Toga, on the ceremony,

Your Excellency president Girma W/Giorgis:
Honorable Guests:

On behalf of the Ministry of Youth, Sports and Culture and myself, I would like to express my sincere gratitude and heartfelt thanks for your presence on the occasion of the laying of the foundation stone of the new National Archives & Library building of Ethiopia a Mutually beneficial Information center.

Since 21st  century is signified as a century of Information Technology, information plays a vital role in the day to day affairs of human life. Thus, presently information is a name to conjure with development.

Information is an irreplaceable knowledge a power to unveil the hidden facts and/or news and know all there is to know about productivity expedition.

Thus, awareness regarding the validity of information, a raw material for development, has increased dramatically over the past half a century.

Accrediting the leading role information plays in the realization of development endeavor objectives, most of the countries in the developed world have given due attention to the establishment of purpose built Archives and Libraries on National basis. And so, they have been extensively exploiting the preserved and tended records & archives.

Giving due attention to the organization of information storage and processing network proved its worthiness with high technological advancement conceived, unfortunately, in only ten of the world countries flourished to the extent of imposing their will power on the developing world trailing for behind on the development track. This proves the keynote statement. "Information is knowledge ; knowledge is a power-house to development."

Honorable President:
Honorable Guests:
Noting the aforementioned keynote premise, the objectives Ethiopia set-up to the establishment of an Archival center to preserve invaluable historical records of an individual, a family, an organization, a place and /or the nation at large being almost nil is a fact to be recalled still.
However, the state in power has resolutely designed an all-encompassing development scheme in which Cultural Reformation issues stood to the fore. With the proclamation to the establishment of the National Archives & Library of Ethiopia, the government proved its concern to the proper preservation, processing, and accessibility of information on national basis.

Likewise, to widen the scope of this development endeavor and incorporate the long forgotten nations, nationalities &/or states under its umbrella, a lot is expected from professionals and the public to hasten the government's strive to equip national Archives and Library of Ethiopia with the high technologically standardized facilities and purpose built building.

Thankfully we are on the verge of the most eagerly awaited moment of big leap.

Presently, we are about to lay the foundation stone of the new National Archives and Library Building of Ethiopia, which hopefully, would prove its worthiness.

Finally, with the fruition of the new building as scheduled we certainly could succeed in sowing the "Cult to read seed" within the young.

Moreover, I've firm belief regarding this new building which, hopefully, be a take-off ground to quench information thirst & serve as a research center in its actual sense of the term on national basis.

Thank you!
Ambassador Teshome Toga.
Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture.


The speech delivered by H.E Atkilt Aseffa, on the ceremony,
Your Excellency President Girma W/Giorgis
Honorable Ministers, Commissioners and Ambassadors:
Invited Guests

Ladies & Gentlemen:
I am so grateful to cordially welcome you on the occasion of the laying of the foundation stone of the new National Archives and Library Building of Ethiopia. Thank you all for willfully accepting our invitation.

Blessed to be one of the few world countries celebrated for having antiquities, & literary heritages, Ethiopia is the ONLY African country to possess its own alphabets, antiquities, and parchment writings produced during historical incidents dated centuries back.

Despite the various recurrent attempts made here-and-there to collect the aforementioned literary heritages, the National Archives and Library of Ethiopia was initially established as public library-womezekir in 1936EC.

The National Library had started to provide service with the books His Imperial Majesty Hial Sellassie I donated and stocked within the still functional age -old building built by the Italian aggressors for clinical purpose.

Though not purpose built, this organization proved to be the cornerstone for the establishment of various sectors,  
departments, and last, but not least, the Ministry of Culture itself.

In spite of its limited information resources and overcrowded working units, most of the researchers & intellectuals of various levels owed their success and gratefulness to the service this organization had been providing for years.

Unfortunately, the organization had not been given due consideration. Thus, year-after-year the number of information seekers and the standard of the service provided deteriorated.

As we all know, this inattention & heedless disregard caste its spell on the invaluable service the organization kept on providing.

As it's understandable, National Archives And Libraries have been entrusted with duties and responsibilities of top priority. Likewise, Information Resources preserved &  properly to be readily accessible whenever the need occurred are invaluable treasures for they:

flashed back historical incidents emerged within a given era and locality, and

disclosed facts to enlighten the long lost historical happenings to the young.

Thus, dignified with the stock of priceless information resources and the services provided from the National Archives & Libraries, made us rename them as INFORMATION TEMPLES.

For books, archives, societal affairs of centuries old, historical incidents and celebrated historians, authors and creative art works are on the top list of the agenda while establishing National Archives and Libraries with the standardized safety precautions to the welfare of information resources, we should underscore the need to trace and pin point the most serious threat to the literary heritages.

Considering the prerequisites with utmost caution, Ethiopian Government is taking measures to alleviate the most serious threats caste over Information Resources. Of the steps taken:

establishment of the National Archives and Library of Ethiopia with proclamation, and

giving, a legal right to reform the prevailing administrative structure and done away with shortage of man power and deficiency of material supply to be realized with the newly allocated increased budget are major ones but to mention some.

Likewise, stuffed far beyond its accommodation capacity, the ONLY NALE turned out to be destructive agent to the information resource stocked to be preserved and properly tended.

Since building a new and purpose built information resource Center is the only option left, the government allocated the budget. The budget allocated for the construction amount to  23,367,943.81 while for the purchase of necessary equipment is of 4,628,295.75 total 27,896,239.60 Birr. The construction of the new Building  that has started on Sept.7/2002 is expected to be completed within 730 days from its commencement. 

Thinking of the relief this would  be constructed building has in store, joy and thrill spring in us.

In general, even if it is needless to say, as always, I firmly believe that the fruition of the new building as scheduled is only possible with the assistance we, hopefully, are to get from the government, the public, national and international organizations. I'm certain to get more than our expectation.

Finally, I would like to express how grateful I am with the civil servants who dedicated their time and effort to the realization of the occasion. Similarly, without the sponsorship of:

Ethiopian National Theater

Heritage Research & Reservation Authority

Birhanena Selam Printing Enterprise

Commercial Printers

United Printers

Moha Soft Drinks Pvt. Ltd.

Ethiopian Red Cross Association

Ambo Mineral Water Factory

Harrar Beer Factory &

Grace Engineering

this high-ranking occasion won't materialize, let alone be a success.

Next I'd like to cordially call upon His Excellency Ambassador Teshome Toga, Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture Ministry to make a keynote address concerning the occasion.

Thank you for Your Attention.

Atkilt Aseffa
With the rank of Deputy Commissioner
Director General of the NALE.


Mrs Rita Pankhurst

Your Excellency President Girma Wolde Giorgis
Ecellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen
Today is a great day for Ethiopia. This day constitutes evidence of a deep commitment to the preservation for the future of the country's written records. its heritage and culture, However, my brief is not to envisage the future, but to talk about the past. I have been asked to reminisce about the National Library as it was, when I spent six happy years in its Public Division  after setting foot in Ethiopia 46 years ago, in November 1956 (Hedar 1949)-before some of you were bon.

I had the honor and pleasure to work for distinguished heads. They included the venerable Blatengueta Sahle Tsadalu, one-time Minister of Education; Ato Kebede Mikael, the poet, then developing the Archeaological Section; and the notable historian, Ato TAkla Tsadiq Mekuria. one day I entered his office in a yellow overall. He looked at me, absorbed, as ever, in historical matters, and said "that yellow was the colour of Ahmed Gragn's flag".

Among fellow-employees of the Library or Museum were the learned and witty Abba Jerome Gabra Muse, with his flowing beard, Ato Gezaw Hayla Maryam, first Director of the National Museum, and the artists Emailaf Herouy, the son of Alaqa Herouy, the church painter, and Afawarq Takle. In Afawarq's studio upstairs, during coffee breaks, I watched his masterpieces grow. The staff included by devoted colleagues, Ato Jamanah & Ato Gabra Negus amd among our readers, I appreciated Dajazmach Zawde Gabra Sellasse, He was one of the few whom returnd borrowed books on time. One schoolboy now a professor, used to help me on Saturdays by ringing up those whose books were overdue. He devised a successful method of getting them back promptly. "It is wanted at the palace". Another volunteer was Emmabet Hirut Dasta. Who once hide in my office when her grandfather appeared unannounced. On another occasion representatives from the palace strode in, demanding books to ado the newly built Race Course Pavilion for its inauguration. We put up stiff resistance and kept our books.  The public Division was in effect a lending library, with a stock of some 10,000 volumes of which 6000 were in English and 500 in Amharic. The research Division was presided over by the meticulous cataloguer, Hans Lockot, later to produce two mighty bibliographies on Ethiopia: the first, of books in German and the second, of those in Englis. Also in that Division was Kagnazmatch Victor, of the well-known Russian Bablichev family.

The Manuscript Section of the Library caused me continuous anxiety. The Wonderful manuscripts were kept in a windowless cubicle with a huge thick metal door, made in Sweden. The special lock had only one key, which the head of the section kept in his pocket. My nightmare was that, one day he would lose it, but fortunately he never did.

The budget was almost entirely taken up by staff salaries, so that acquisitions had to rely mainly on gifts. The most generous donors were the USA, The UK & the USSR.

In those days there was no Law of Deposit, as there is now, at last nor was there then an Institute of Ethiopian Studies Library, where another copy could be deposited as a safety measure, should anything happen to the national collections. We struggled with the printers to get them to obey a letter from the ministry of the Pen ordering them to give three copies of every book they printed to the National Library. Though the public Division did not have many books, it had many readers some 60,000 annually.

There were no qualified Ethiopian librarians at that time-indeed, in the late 1950s, if you had a university degree you could expect a high position in Government. We therefore developed evening courses in elementary library science. Among those who later became professional librarians was Ato Germa Makonnen, now Librarian of Addis Ababa University.

Evening extension activities proved popula, public lectures, poetry reading film shows and musical performances were held in the spacious Blatengueta Herouy Hall, which was always filled to capacity. Among the lecturers were the Kenyan trade Union leader, Tom Mboya, Ato Takla Tsadiq, Dr Wolf Leslau, the popular author Manghestu Gadamu, and Ato Yilma Deressa who talked about the then forthcoming Conference of Independent African States.

Plans for a new library building date back to 1959. Much has changed since then, especially in the development of informatics though the use of computers, as admirably suited to facilitating study and research. In a purpose-built home both the National Archives and Library, together with the planned new library of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, will, I am sure, make huge strides forward in collecting, preserving and making widely accessible the rich, documented past and present of Ethiopia.

I have no doubt that, in due course, the National Archives and Library will each achieve its own building, administration, and separate identity, in keeping with their diverse functions, as was proposed during the public Hearings preceding the legislation establishing them under as single management.

Meanwhile, I hope that another great day in history of the National Library and Archives will soon arrive, when guests will have the honor of being the first to walk into the great newly completed building.

Mrs. Rita Pankhurst
7 December 2002

On June 7,2004 National Archives and Library of Ethiopia announced the establishment of information desk for the public to enable them to find materials about HIV/AIDS. The main objective of the sections to provides current information on HIV/AIDS for the public. 

On May 4,2004 The National Archives and Library of Ethiopia celebrated the anniversary of 60th  year of its establishment. 

On April 15,2004 National Archives and Library of Ethiopia has organized panel discussion on ISBN for more than 60 publishers, producers and authors. The main objective of the panel discussion was to give awareness to the participants on the use of ISBN and on how to deal with it.
For more information please contact 
Ato Solomon Mulugeta, Head, Legal Deposit and Copyright Registration Team. Email: nale@ethionet.et


On August 26, 2004 National Archives and Library of Ethiopia got 3.9million birr donation form Japan Government. The agreement was signed by HE Dr. Mulu Ketsela, State Minister of Finance and Economic Development and HE Mr Kenjiro Izumi, Japan Ambassador in Ethiopia. During the signing ceremony Mr Kenjiro Izumi, was said that "This project being signed for today is for Cultural Grant Aid to the National Archives and Library of Ethiopia (NALE). The grant comprises the supply of microfilm  and digitizing equipment to assist the library in its task of preserving  the nation's literary heritage. The grant amounts to forty-nine million nine hundred thousand Yen (49, 900,000), which is approximately 454, 000 US dollars.  The National Archives and Library of Ethiopia was found in 1945 and is the oldest library in the country. it started the project of microfilming 15,000 manuscript books made of parchment vellum; 12 of these manuscript were registered in UNESCO's World Register as a heritage of humanity. However, there are still an estimated 500,000 different manuscript dating back to the 4th century deposited in churches and monasteries around the country that have not yet been microfilmed. I hope this grant from the government of Japan will enable the National Archives and Library of Ethiopia to continue with its important work of documenting the nation's literary treasures."

on November 1, 2004  NALE in partnership with  World Bank opened Development information services center (DISC). To establish this section the World Bank donated 30,000 US dollar for purchase of Seven computer, 2600 series Router, Initial fee for 256kpbs Leased line   connectivity, Photocopy machine, printer and four UPS.  The main functions of the center are:  

                1. Providing online information services for student,
                     researchers,  and other communities
                2. Providing World Bank information for the 
                3. Providing internet and email services for 
                    disabled person
                4. Providing up-to-date information on HIV/AIDS
                5. Overcoming the growing demands, information
                    requirement of   researchers and development
                    work  for public 


Stop Selling the Ethiopian Manuscript!

A 17th century old Ethiopian Manuscript item number 3752106625 page 328 written in black ink with wooden cover has been displayed for electronic auctioning in My eBay web site. http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/

Ancient Ethiopian Manuscripts such as this are legally protected from illicit trafficking out side the Country. It is not known how this bible was exported out side Ethiopia. The Authority for Research and Conservation of Cultural Heritage of Ethiopia believes that such a manuscript was illegally exported to the U.S.A.

Our Authority opposes the auction of the same antiquity and requests for its return to its Country of Origin through the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

With Best Regards,
Atklit Assefa
With rank of Deputy Commissioner
Director General National Archives and Library of Ethiopia


A Huge Seventeenth Century Ethiopian BIBLE, with 328 pages. The Bible is hand written in black ink, with headings, keywords, and markings in red, on vellum, with wooden covers, in the traditional Ethiopian fashion. It is written in Ge`ez script, the liturgical language of Ethiopia, in three columns. The manuscript is hand sewn as usual, 10.5 inches in width, 13 inches in height, and 2.75 inches in thickness. This is the largest Ethiopian Bible we have ever seen. It has nine very exquisite and elaborate full-page illustrations and numerous rubrications. The wooden covers are partially covered with morocco; spine is also covered with morocco. A few leaves are smudged, minor wrinkling, minor damp staining, mainly marginal, leather with some tears at the spine, otherwise in a very good condition. Needless to say, here, that this manuscript is not the usual pocket size that one sees in the market. The present manuscript is, in comparison with available other ones, a huge one, with very beautiful art work of, perhaps, the highest quality. It weighs almost 8.5 pounds. Undated, but most likely from the seventeenth century. (Code:EthMs08] More pictures can be supplied on request. Buyer pays domestic shipping and handling charges of $6.00 and may return any item for any reason within one week of receipt, if not satisfied. International shipping costs will depend on the buyer's preference. Insurance on all shipments is an additional charge and depends on the amount of insurance desired.